Adams, Annette Abbott
1877 - 1956

Alias: Annette Abbott
Born: 3/12/1877 in Prattsville, Plumas County, California
Died: 10/26/1956
Ethnicity: White/Caucasian
Professional Facts

General Practice
Regions and States of Practice:
CA, West
Legal Education:
UC Berkeley School of Law - Boalt Hall, 1912
Other Education:
Chico State Normal School
Positions During Her Career:
Teacher and school principal
United States Attorney (Assistant, 1914-1918) (1918-1920)
Assistant United States Attorney General (1920-1921)
Private practitioner in San Francisco, California (1921-1935)
Assistant Special United States counsel in the Elks Hills Naval Oil Reserve case (1935-1941)
Presiding Justice of the 3rd District Court of Appeal of California (1942-1954?)
Judge Pro Tempore on the California Supreme Court
Woman Assistant United States Attorney
Woman United States Attorney
Woman Assistant United States Attorney General
Woman to sit on a California Appellate Court
Woman presiding justice on a California Appellate Court
Woman to sit pro tempore on California Supreme Court

Further Research Materials

Barbara Sicherman and Carol Hurd Green (Editors), Notable American Women: The Modern Period: A Biographical Dictionary. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (1980)
Arthur Dunn, "A Portia in the Federal Court," Sunset, XXXIV (Feb. 1915), 335, quoted in Louise Eleanor Steiner, Annette Abbott Adams: California's First Lady of Law, 17 (1972)(unpublished master's thesis, on file at the California State Law Library in Sacramento)[hereinafter Steiner].
Annette Abbott Adams, Politician, Joan M. Jensen, The Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 35, No. 2. (May, 1966), pp. 185-201
Annette A. Adams, California Jurist, New York Times; October 27, 1956; pg. 21
Women, Los Angeles Times; July 24, 1951; pg. B1
Cornelia Otis Skinner Honored, New York Times; June 5, 1950; pg. 23
First Woman Takes Seat on Supreme Court, Los Angeles Times; April 5, 1950; pg. 1
Laura Miller Derry, Digest of Women Lawyers and Judges. Lousville, Kentucky: Dunne Press (1949)
Mary Steele Ross : Do You Know Your First Ladies?; National Business Woman. Vol. 24, Iss. 3 (1945) pg. 76, 87
Bess M Wilson, Poet Appeals to Women, Los Angeles Times; April 13, 1943; pg. A10
Book Donations Exceed 10,000, Los Angeles Times; March 31, 1942; pg. A1
Annette Adams Candidate, Los Angeles Times; Novemember 25, 1941; pg. 20
Supreme Court Refuses Elk Hill Review, San Francisco Examiner; March 26, 1940; pg. 1
Bess M. Wilson, Labor Secretary Will Address Women, Los Angeles Times; February 10, 1940; pg. A5
Kern Oil Decision Lost by Standard, San Francisco Examiner; November 17, 1939; pg. 4
Mabel Walker Willebrandt Named to Head Bar Committee, The Washington Post; August 10, 1938; pg. 17
Government Wins Elk Hills Oil Suit, New York Times; December 5, 1937; pg. 9
Government Renews Fight for Oil Land, Los Angeles Times; January 24, 1937; pg. 1
Decision May Terminate Ten Million Oil Land Suit, Los Angeles Times; August 26, 1937; pg. A2
Elks Hill Oil Battle Open, Los Angeles Times; November 9, 1937; pg. 6
Women Seek Party Voice, New York Times; May 27, 1936; pg. 5
New Roosevelt Group, New York Times; September 9, 1936; pg. 19
Crete Cage, Founder of Women's Federation Reviews Organization Thirty-five Years Ago, Los Angeles Times; January 16, 1936; pg. A6
Clubdom Today, Los Angeles Times; January 18, 1936; pg. A5
National Music Club President Here Tomorrow, Los Angeles Times; February 27, 1936; pg. A7
Crete Cage, Native Daughters Prepare to Hold Fiesta Tomorrow at Old Adobe House, Los Angeles Times; July 17, 1936; pg. A6
Leadership of American Women Praised for Advancing Cultural Interests, Los Angeles Times; July 22, 1936; pg. A7
Crete Cage, American Association of University Women Opens Annual Convention Today, Los Angeles Times; June 24, 1935; pg. A7
Women Democrats Gather to Hear Farley Tomorrow, Los Angeles Times; August 22, 1935; pg. A6
Two Die, Two Lost, and Fifty Rescued From Shipwreck, Los Angeles Times; Novemember 13, 1935; pg. 1
Vylla Poe Wilson, U.S. Runs Far Behind Other Nations in Appointment of Women to Government Posts, The Washington Post; November 25, 1934; pg. E4
Mildeed Adams, To The Woman In Politics Comes Also a New Deal, New York Times; April 30, 1933; pg. SM4
Women on the Radio Will Aid Roosevelt, New York Times; October 30, 1932; pg. 24
Helen Wills Ranks High, Los Angeles Times; March 9, 1928; pg.3
Coast Women Bolting Smith, Los Angeles Times; July 7, 1928; pg. 2
Nell Ray Clarke : Women in the Supreme Court; Equal rights. Vol. 14, Iss. 9 (1927) pg. 70-72
Of Interest to Women, Los Angeles Times; March 19, 1926; pg. A7
Myra Nye, Doings Echoed Near and Far, Los Angeles Times; April 18, 1926; pg. C9
A.H. Ulm, A Woman Directs the Dry Battle, New York Times; January 25, 1925
Club Squadron to Tour State, Los Angeles Times; August 30, 1925; pg. D9
Women Firm for Dry Laws, Los Angeles Times; June 29, 1924; pg. B35
Klan is Scored by Democrats, Los Angeles Times; pg. 2
Taft Urges Steps to Speed Justice, New York Times; August 29, 1923; pg. 27
Election Race Formally Launched: Rival Candidates File Papers, San Francisco Examiner; September 18, 1923; pg. 8
Earl C. Behrens, Women Indorse Mrs. Adams: Supervisors' Race Grows Hot, San Francisco Chronicle; October 11, 1923; pg. 4
Club Women to Support Mrs. Annette Adams in Race for Supervisor, San Francisco Chronicle; October 29, 1923; pg. 9
Louis S. Lyons and Josephine Wilson, Mrs. Annette Abbott, in Who's Who Among The Women Of California: An Annual Devoted to the Representative Women of California, with an Authoritative Review of Their Activities in Civic, Social, Athletic, Philanthropic, Art and Music, Literary and Dramatic Circles. Security Publishing Company (1922)
Women Seek Offices, New York Times; May 14, 1922; pg. 93
16 Ill. L.Rev 226: N.o3 (November, 1921)
7 A.B.A. J. 484: N.01 (January, 1921)
Anonymous : World News About Women; Woman's Journal. Vol. 6, Iss. 8 (1921) pg. 20
Jury Women and Modesy, Should Women Serve as Jurors in Divorce Cases?, Current Opinion; April 1921; Vol. LXX, No. 4; APS Online, pg. 511
Woman to Succeed Woman, New York Times; July 27, 1921; pg.11
Mrs. Willebrandt Named, New York Times; August 30, 1921; pg.18
To Build Residence, Los Angeles Times; April 24, 1921; pg. V7
Mrs. A. A. Adams Will Speak, The Washington Post; March 6, 1921; pg. 16
Patriotic Services at Community Center Under Auspices fo Women, The Washington Post; April 16, 1921; pg. 8
Anonymous : Congratulations, Mrs. Adams; National Business Woman. Vol. 1, Iss. 7 (1920) pg. 4
Anonymous : The Carrie Chapman Catt Course of Citizenship, A Woman and the Cabinet; Woman's Journal. Vol. 4, Iss. 37 (1920) pg. 1086-1087
Donald Wilhelm, Entering the Promised Land, The Independent, Setember 11, 1920; 103, 3736; APS Online pg. 299
Investigate Dempsey's Exemption, New York Times; January 29, 1920; pg. 10
Warrant Issued for Jack Dempsey, New York Times; February 28, 1920; pg. 6
San Francisco Lid off for Convention Week, New York Times; October 7, 1920; pg. 2
Woman Prosecutor Named Palmer Aid, New York Times; May 30, 1920; pg. 1
Senate Confirms Mrs. A. A. Adams, New York Times; June 4, 1920; pg. 21
Mrs. Adams Tells Congress Courts Here are Clogged, San Francisco Examiner; April 15, 1920; pg. 5
A.P. Daywire, Woman Honored by President, Los Angeles Times; May 30, 1920; pg. I10
Congress Will End Saturday, Los Angeles Times; June 4, 1920; pg. I2
Woman ...::Vice-President?, Los Angeles Times; June 23, 1920; pg. I1
Woman Named Palmer Aid, The Washington Post; May 31, 1920; pg. 6
The Legal Record, The Washington Post; March 25, 1920; pg. 12
City Briefs, The Washington Post; November 3, 1920; The Washington Post; pg.10
Anonymous : Women in the Professions; Woman's Journal. Vol. 3, Iss. 14 (1918) pg. 275
Halt Hindu Hearing; Find New Witness; San Francisco Examiner; March 9, 1918; pg. 3
2 Hindus Killed in Court as Trial Ends, San Francisco Examiner; April 24, 1918; pg. 1
Hindu Plot Case Goes to Jury Following Tragedy, San Francisco Examiner; April 24, 1918; pg. 5
Hizar Accuses Annette Adams in Plot Trial, San Francisco Chronicle; March 8, 1918; p. 9
Woman Opens Arguments at Hindoo Trial, San Francisco Chronicle; April 17, 1918; pg. 3
I Took Coin From Kaiser, Tells Jury, San Francisco Chronicle; April 18, 1918; pg. 11
Hizar Weeps As Lawyer Pleads in Hindoo Case, San Francisco Chronicle; April 19, 1918
Preston Opens Final Appeal in Hindoo Cases, San Francisco Chronicle; April 23, 1918; pg. 5
Jury Finds Against All Except One Defendant; San Francisco Chronicle; April 24, 1918; pg. 1
Slain Hindoo Victim of a Faction War, San Francisco Chronicle; April 25, 1918; pg. 9
Preston May Accuse Singh of Killing, San Francisco Chronicle; April 26, 1918; pg. 3
Conspiracy Defendants Sentenced, San Francisco Chronicle; May 1, 1918; pg. 5
Bopp Deceived : Only Tool, New Defense Claim, San Francisco Chronicle; April 20, 1918; pg.6
Florence R Hill : When a Dream Came True; The Young Woman's Journal. Vol. 28, Iss. 4 (1917) pg. 185-187
Portia's Dream of Years is Realized: Crowning Achievement as Prosecutor, San Francisco Examiner; January 8, 1917; pg. 3
Woman Stirs Court in Plea Against Bopp, San Francisco Examiner; January 9, 1917; pg. 3
Verdict is Reached in Two Hours, San Francisco Examiner; January 11, 1917; pg. 2
Bopp Trial Will Today Enter on Its Fifth Week, San Francsico Chronicle; January 2, 1916; pg. 9
Maid's Testimony False, Crowley Lawyers Assert, San Francisco Chronicle; January 3, 1917; pg. 3
Bopp Trial Brings Out Story of Big Local War Orders, San Francisco Chronicle; January 4, 1917; pg. 1
Bopp Trial Arguments Begin Today, San Francisco Chronicle; January 5, 1917; pg. 9
Preston Calls 'H.P.' Letters an Aid to Defense, San Francisco Chronicle; January 6, 1917; pg. 3
Crowley Curses Preston as Bopp Trial Closes, San Francisco Chronicle; January 10, 1917; pg. 1-2
Bopp and His Associates Are Convicted, San Francisco Chronicle; January 11, 1917; pg. 1-2
Government to Ask Bonds for Bopp and Associates, San Francisco Chronicle; January 12, 1917; pg. 1
Bopp and von Schack Deprived of Posts by German Government as Conspirators Against US, San Francisco Chronicle; January 13, 1917; pg. 1
Von Bernstorff Dismissal of Bopp Confirmed, San Francisco Chronicle; January 14, 1917; pg. 37
Two Women Trace Moves of Crowley, San Francisco Examiner; January 3, 1917; pg. 3
Bricken's Wife Kept From Stand, San Francisco Examiner; January 4, 1917; pg. 4
Bopp Bomb Case Goes to Jury Monday, San Francisco Examiner; January 5, 1917; pg. 3
I Fired Barge, Not Crowley, Says Writer, San Francisco Examiner; January 6, 1917; pg. 3
Portia's Dream of Years is Realized: Crowning Achievement as Prosecutor, San Francisco Examiner; January 8, 1917; pg. 3
Man Stirs Court in Plea Against Bopp, San Francisco Examiner; January 9, 1917; pg. 3
Bernstorff to Plead to U.S. For Bopp, San Francisco Examiner; January 12, 1917; pg. 7
Consul Bopp and His Four Aides Convicted, San Francisco Examiner; January 11, 1917; pg. 1-2
Bopp Group Named in 61 Indictments, San Francisco Examiner; February 11, 1916; pg. 3
Indian Prince in German Line, San Francisco Examiner; June 3, 1916; pg. 8
U.S. Argument on in Bopp Case, San Francisco Call & Post; March 1, 1916; pg. 2
Bopp Demurrers Ocean Shore Asks Before Dooling Money for Option, San Francisco Call & Post; March 2, 1916; pg.9
Bopp Indicted: Aids Face Jail, San Francisco Call & Post; March 4, 1916; pg. 2
Mrs. Annette A. Adams Under Surgeon's Knife, San Francisco Call & Post; June 2, 1916; pg.10
Consul Bopp and Baron Von Schack Under Indictment, San Francisco Chronicle; February 9, 1916; pg. 1-2
Indictment in Hands of Court Today, San Francisco Chronicle; February 10, 1916; pg.3
Warrant Issued for Bopp, San Francisco Chronicle; February 11, 1916; pg.1, cont. 4
Bopp Last to Admit Service in Bomb Cases, San Francisco Chronicle; February 12, 1916; pg. 3
Bopp Must Go to Court, Is Official Order, San Francisco Chronicle; February 13, 1916; pg. 29
German Consul Again Indicted in Bomb Plots, San Francisco Chronicle; February 15, 1916; pg. 3
Bopp Arraigned in Bomb Plot, San Francisco Chronicle; February 16, 1916; pg. 8
Conspiracy Trial Defendants and Counsel, San Francisco Chronicle; December 6, 1916; pg.11
Roustabout In Hercules Powder Mill Bopp Agent, San Francisco Chronicle; December 7, 1916; pg. 1
Bopp Detective Talked Readily, Witnesses Say, San Francisco Chronicle; December 8, 1916; pg. 9
Bopp Defense Unlimbers Batteries, San Francisco Chronicle; December 9, 1916; pg.7
Failure of Alleged Plots to Destroy Ships Described, San Francisco Chronicle; December 12, 1916; pg. 5
Smith Says Von Bricken Hired Him for Bomb Plot, San Francisco Chronicle; December 13, 1916; pg. 8
Mystery Woman Flits in Background at Bopp Trial, San Francisco Chronicle; December 15, 1916; pg. 9
Witness in Bopp Trial Admits Ugly Accusations, San Francisco Chronicle; December 16, 1916; pg. 1
Identification of "Man of Mystery" in Bopp Case is Declared Wrong, San Francisco Chronicle; December 17, 1916; pg. 31
Government Makes First Attempt to Involve Bopp, San Francisco Chronicle; December 19, 1916; p. 1-2
U.S. Ends Its Testimony; Bodd to Take the Stand, San Francisco Chronicle; December 20, 1916; pg. 13
Scope of Secret Service is Told at Bopp Trial, San Francisco Chronicle; December 21, 1916; pg. 3
Bopp Tells of First Meeting With Crowly, San Francisco Chronicle; December 22, 1916; pg. 3
Bomb Bought by Bopp is Later Found of No Value, San Francisco Chronicle; December 23, 1916; pg. 1 cont. 3
Defense Witness in Bopp Case to Take Other Side, San Francisco Chronicle; December 24, 1916; pg. 32
Bopp Denies He Was Fooled By Canadian Pacific, San Francisco Chronicle; December 27, 1916; pg. 3
Bomb Plot Denied by Witness at Bopp Trial, San Francisco Chronicle; December 28, 1916; pg. 1
Crowley-Denies Smith Story in Bomb Plot Case, San Francisco Chronicle; December 29, 1916; pg. 9
Mexican and Hindu Plots Laid to Bopp, San Francisco Chronicle; December 30, 1916; pg. 1-2
11 Jurors In the Box for Bopp Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 5, 1916; pg. 7
$100,000 Plot Fund Charged in Bopp Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 6, 1916; pg. 7
Woman Spy Secrets Told in Bopp Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 8, 1916; pg. 8
Plea to U.S. For Spy in Bopp Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 9, 1916; pg. 13
Bopp Trial Will Cost $250,000, San Francisco Examiner; December 10, 1916; pg. 1
Spy's Wife is Called in Bopp Trial, San Francisco Examiner; Decemeber 12, 1916; pg. 3
All German Plots Failed Spy Admits, San Francisco Examiner; December 14, 1916; pg. 13
German 'Betrayal' Price of Smith's Immunity as Slaver, Hint at Bopp Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 15, 1916; pg. 5
Spy's Threat to Schack is Revealed; San Francisco Examiner; December 16, 1916; pg. 8
Spy Turns on Bopp in Bomb Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 17, 1916; pg. 11
Plot Laid to Ross at Trial of Bopp, San Francisco Examiner; December 19, 1916; pg. 9-10
Wife of Spy Betrayer, in Tears, Tells Story of German Bomb Intrigue, San Francisco Examiner; December 20, 1916; pg. 13
San Francisco Examiner, Bopp Report Basis of War Note to U.S., San Francisco Examiner; December 21, 1916; pg. 3
Bopp on the Stand Cries: It's All a Lie, San Francisco Examiner; December 22, 1916; pg.1 cont. 6
Britons Have Hounded Me, Bopp Declares in Spy Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 23, 1916; pg. 3
Bopp Tells of S.F. Divers for Allies, San Francisco Examiner; December 27, 1916; pg. 3
Spy Smith Lies, Replies Spy Crowley, San Francisco Examiner; December 29, 1916; pg. 5
Bopp Sent Coin to Villa, Hint at Trial, San Francisco Examiner; December 30, 1916; pg. 5
Women Who Progress, The Independent, November 30, 1914; 80, 3443; APS Online
Woman in U.S. Attorney, New York Times; September 29, 1914; pg.17
Woman Picked for Ferderal Prosecutor: Californian to Claim First Job of Kind, San Francisco Examiner; February 15, 1914; pg. 56
Preston Gets Final 'No' on Woman Aid, San Francisco Examiner; March 25, 1914; pg. 3
Important Place for a Woman, Los Angeles Times; September 29, 1914; pg. 13
Would Revise Reserve Law, Los Angeles Times; October 14, 1914; pg. 119
Women Will Help Woman Get a Job, San Francisco Chronicle; March 20, 1914; pg.7
Pretty Lawyers Do Needlework In Office, San Francisco Examiner; June 13, 1913; pg. 3
Annette Abbott Adams, J.D. Thesis
Annette Abbott Adams, A note on the Case of Los Angeles Pacific Company v. Hubbard 121 Pac. 306 , Involving The Interpretation of the Street Opening Act of 1903, and Zanoni v. Sprague 116 Pac. 989, with a discussion of the Nature of the Homestead Estate (April 1912) (unpublished J.D. thesis, UC Berkeley)(on file with Boalt Hall Law School Archives, UC Berkeley)
Women and Legal Education: The Case of Boalt Hall
Women and Legal Education: The Case of Boalt Hall, Sandra P. Epstein, The Pacific Historia, Vol. XXVIII No. 3
Women as Supreme Court Advocates, Mary L. Clark, Journal of Supreme Court History
Milton L. Schwartz-Oral History
Milton L Schwartz-Oral History, Retrieved 2 February 2011, from
Report on Legislation
"Report on Legislation: Mrs. Annette Abbott Adams, Chairman," Rootsweb, Retrieved 02 February 2011, from
My Work House Assistant U.S. Attorney For Northern District of California
Annette Abbot Adams, "My Work House Assistant U.S. Attorney For Northern District of California." Retrieved 02 February 2011, from
Abbette Abbott Adams Presiding Justice
Annette Abbot Adams: Presiding Justice, May 1942 - November 1952. Retrieved 02 February 2011, from
Annette Abbott Adams, Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement 6: 1956-1960; American Council of learned Societies, 1980

Wissner v. Wissner, 338 U.S. 655 (1950)
Standard Oil Co of California v. U.S., 309 U.S. 654 (1940)
Interstate Transit Co v. Rogers, 284 U.S. 640 (1931)
Southern California Edison Co v. Herminghaus, 275 U.S. 486 (1927)
Higgins v. California Prune and Apricot Growers, 273 U.S. 781 (1927)
Littleton v. U.S., 269 U.S. 592 (1925)
Klebe v. U.S., 263 U.S. 188 (1923)
Curtis, Collins and Holbook Co v. U.S., 262 U.S. 215 (1923)
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. v. U.S., 260 U.S. 565 (1923)
Cramer vs. U.S., 261 U.S. 219 (1923)
Schutz v. Wardell, 262 U.S. 761 (1923)
Baldini v. U.S., 262 U.S. 749 (1923)
Levy v. Wardell, 258 U.S. 542 (1922)
Union Trust Co of San Francisco v. Wardell, 258 U.S. 537 (1922)
Ng Fung Ho v. White, 259 U.S. 276 (1922)
Kaneda v. U.S., 259 U.S. 583 (1922)
Dillon v. Gloss, 256 U.S. 368 (1921)
Yee Won v. White, 256 U.S. 399 (1921)
U.S. v. Butt, 254 U.S. 38 (1920)
Mohawk Min Co v. Weiss, 254 U.S. 637 (1920)
Prentiss v. Eisner, 254 U.S. 647 (1920)
Boston and Maine Railroad v. U.S., 255 U.S. 577 (1921)
Vincenti v. U.S., 256 U.S. 700 (1921)
Williams v. U.s., 255 U.S. 336 (1921)
Kwock Jan Fat v. White, 253 U.S. 454 (1920)
Vedin v. U.S., 250 U.S. 663 (1919)
Garrett v. U.S., 249 U.S. 620 (1919)
United States v. Sigh, "The Hindu Conspiracy"; Cas Nos. 6133
United States v. Bopp, Case Nos. 5865, 5885 & 5870

Student Papers:
Annette Abbott Adams: California's First Lady of Law
Steiner, Louise Eleanor, 1965
Maverick Woman, Consummate Lawyer: The Role of Annette Abbott Adams in the Prosecution of the Neutrality Cases of World War One
Hapiuk, William J., 2000
Potential Paper Topics:
An analysis of her white slavery case, which she argued and won against US Attorney John W. Preston.
An analysis of the Bopp Conspiracy Case, in which allegations were raised against the German Consulate and others that they tried to violate the U.S.'s neutrality law.
An analysis of the Elks Hills Naval Oil Reserve case.
An analysis of relationship between Abbott and John Preston.
An analysis of the relationship between Abbott and John Raker.